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Richard Rohr: Orthodoxy or Orthopraxy?

Posted on 23 February 2016, 10:09

Franciscan Richard Rohr (below) writes that it is no use spending energy attacking the Pope, or the entrenched doctrines of the Church. Many words are expended, opposition aroused,  and the result is darkness. We should let them be, but look in another direction: not Orthodoxy, right teaching, but rather Orthopraxy, right practice. Right practice is to love God (as you understand that word) with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength, and your neighbour as yourself, (how many times have we heard these words?) Jesus agreed about “orthopraxy” for he added the words, “On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.”


Jesus never said, “Believe all the books of the Hebrew Bible are infallibly true”, On the contrary, on many occasions he begged to differ. He never said, “Unless you believe in the saving power of my blood that I shall shed at the crucifixion,” or “Unless you can believe that my birth was a virgin birth”... or in “the immaculate conception of my mother”, or that “the right method of church government is..” or that, “unless you are very good, and behave very well,” or “unless you are baptised by a properly ordained minister” cannot enter the kingdom of heaven.  Can we imagine Jesus saying any such thing? 

Prefacing the words, “Jesus said,” in front of some doctrines does make them seem strange. They all seem to put obstacles in the way of loving God. Seeing God through the lens of priests and ministers can also be an obstacle.

Rohr writes, “You don’t have to go to sacred places to pray or wait for holy days for good things to happen. You can pray always, and everything that happens is potentially sacred if you allow it to be. Once we can accept that God is in all situations and that God can and will use even bad situations for good, then everything becomes an occasion for good and an occasion for God. “This is the day Yahweh has made memorable, let us rejoice and be glad in it!” (Psalm 118:24)”

Why I feel rather carried away with the Franciscan teaching of Rohr, is that it is almost identical with that of Afterlife teaching from St Stephen the Martyr. It is a joyous thing to find truth confirming truth in this way. Take this quotation from that book:

“There never was a time when our Lord Jesus was not the Christ;neither is there a time, when any of the imaged creation of the Father is not the Christ.

This we must understand: this is our salvation, our acceptance of what is. Once we accept the perfection of all that is then, as I have said before, there are no disasters; there are only disasters from the point of view of (im)perfection.

The place of men’s thoughts in the future of things, whether we call it religion or not, is the acceptance of what is perfect and we need to continually remind ourselves that all is perfect, and all is well. There is no sin too great that would continually separate you from the Father if you would not have that sin separate you.”

Incarnate in our physical bodies, hearing daily of some nightmare being enacted at home or abroad, “all is perfect” sounds perfect nonsense. The philosopher Leibnitz in his philosophy of Optimism where he writes of the perfection of God’s activity in the world, was derided by Voltaire in his satirical book, Candide.  Yet…

Thinking in terms of the commonsense world where we are separate from each other, there is certainly good and evil. But when we think of ourselves as participants in one undivided whole, we see things differently. We are seeing things sub specie aeternitatis, in the eye of Eternity.

In the light of this, in his Daily Meditations of February 17, 2016 Frederick Rohr writes:

Like Jesus, St. Francis did not go down the self-protective and exclusionary track. They both knew what they were for—and who they were—not just what they were against. That is the heart of the matter. Jesus and Francis had a genius for not eliminating or punishing the so-called negative side of the world, but incorporating it and using it.  Francis, merely imitating Jesus, goes to the edge of town and to the bottom of society; he kisses the leper, loves the poor, and wears patches on the outside of his habit so everyone will know that this is what he’s like on the inside. Francis doesn’t hide from his shadow side, but weeps over it and welcomes it as his teacher.
Rohr also writes, “The history of almost every religion begins with tne massive misperception; it begins by making a fatal distinction between the sacred and the profane. Low-level religions put all their emphasis on creating sacred places, sacred time, and sacred actions. While I fully appreciate the need for this, it unfortunately leaves the majority of life ‘un-sacred.’‘

The creative spirit of God which is Christ the Word is in all, through all, and above all. Every living creature participates in this All, an All which is not divided, where All is linked to All. All is sacred. There is a hymn that I like which begins with the words,

God is working his purpose out
as year succeeds to year:
God is working his purpose out,
and the time is drawing near;
nearer and nearer draws the time,
the time that shall surely be,
when the earth shall be filled
with the glory of God
as the waters cover the sea.

St Francis models himself on Jesus, refraining from judging, and including people in the bottom of society in the saving activity of God.

I am using the language of religion, seeing things from that point of view. Yet from the point of view of consciousness studies or psychic research we see the same picture, the same understanding. All the phenomena described in White Crow Books, in Victor Zammit’s Weekly communications, give similar testimony. All such phenomena are possible because of the reality of a universal mind or consciousness, the medium in which these events occur. That medium is not divided, and from that medium arose all the events of consciousness, and all the activities of that consciousness whether we label these events as “good” or “bad”. It might be said that LOVE is at the basis of it all. (We might need to explore its many dimensions, though.) It could be said that each supposedly individual consciousness, or thought that arises in that mind, needs first to find what “non-love” is from experience. So we have a supposed separation from the universal mind, a complete forgetting of that mind and spirit, a descent into isolation, self-centredness, selfishness, judgment, and pain. We know the difference between good and evil, we judge, we punish and we create further imagined separation, in our judgments we cut ourselves off from our neighbour, and come to a state of war with our neighbour. Therefore there is more and more pain and what we normally call “evil”.

From the point of view of the sensory-physical world evil is undeniably almost everywhere to be found. It is not difficult to find mindless, senseless evil from this point of view. The point of view of the sensory-physical is perfectly and undeniably valid…..But on the other hand we can also undeniably be seen as participants in an indivisible whole… this is the mystical view, the view of Jesus when talking about the Kingdom of Heaven, when he talks of all of us being God’s children, it is the view of St Paul when he talks about membership of the universal body of Christ. 

Sin is described as “missing the mark”, failure to acknowledge and actively participate in the wondrous Whole. The Whole is our true home, and in the physical world of separation and of counting and measuring, we are in a “far country.”

In the parable of the Prodigal Son, Jesus shows us what has to happen,: in our minds and in our hearts we have been in “a far country” and we need to come back to the Father, the universal Spirit with all our pains, all our disappointments with ourselves, all our guilts, to the open arms of that mysterious universal love which binds all together.  (I have quoted St Stephen’s words to the effect that nothing we have thought or done can cut us off from this universal love, if we dont want it to.)

Think of the great healing that so often comes from Near-Death Experiences, communications from the “dead”, inspirations of music, poetry, synchronicities, think of the picture of things painted by the great physicists, then we will truly have “peace that passeth all understanding.”

The world has suffered so much from the divisive judgements and clever doctrines of the great religions, engendering so much fear and divisiveness. Pretty deep in the psyches of each one of us, is the fear of judgment and punishment from a hostile God.

What Francis, (and Stephen) remind us, is that we are participants in a Whole immeasurably more wonderful than we can begin to imagine.  When the Anglican catechism says that we are “members of Christ.,, children of God and inheritors of the Kingdom of Heaven” it is quite right. This is true of the whole human race and more.

Religions so often depict the drama of life as the battle between good and evil, It is not. Rather it is learning the length, the breadth, the height and depth of the Whole that undergirds our existence. “Christ within me, Christ above me, Christ behind me, Christ before me…”

St Francis, “St Stephen” preach orthopraxy.. right action, not beliefs. So I believe did Jesus. His teaching was simple: Love God and neighbour. Be humble. Lead by serving. Have all things in common. Always forgive. Never fight. Remember you are inheritors of the Kingdom of Heaven. Foreigners are as important as locals, women as men. The poor have less attachments to things that separate our minds from God than the rich. (Stephen also warned of the cleverness of our minds that so often blind us to Spirit).  Salvation comes when we all truly realise who we are.

Michael Cocks edits the journal, The Ground of Faith.
Afterlife Teaching From Stephen the Martyr by Michael Cocks is published by White Crow Books and available from Amazon and other bookstores.
His latest book, Into the Wider Dream: Synchronicity in the Witness Box is published by White Crow Books.

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God’s Mercy.. Pope Francis helps save Jesus from the Church.

Posted on 08 February 2016, 12:23

“Mercy is the Lord’s most powerful message!” Pope Francis proclaimed at the beginning of his pontificate. .. A few days later, he said, “Dear brothers and sisters, let us be enveloped by the mercy of God.

. . . We will feel [God’s] wonderful tenderness, we will feel [God’s] embrace, and we too will become more capable of mercy, patience, forgiveness, and love.”  [From the meditation of Richard Rohr for February 1, 2016 Do read what he has to say.]


I never thought I would write blogs praising the Pope! There is a book, Saving Jesus from the Church, and that is what I see the Pope as attempting to do. The problem has always been our tendency to venerate Holy Scripture without discrimination. In the Old Testament we do have some wonderfully inspiring material consistent with the Gospel of Jesus. But in that collection of Hebrew books, God is sometimes depicted as a man walking on Earth, but usually he is seen as a tribal God happy for the genocide of the enemies of the Hebrews, he is often a wrathful God destroying his enemies, a God very keen to reinforce the customs and institutions of the Hebrew tribes. Especially in the Middle Ages, fevered imaginations of the tortures that God might inflict on us in hell as a punishment for our sins, got out of hand. Remnants of this are found especially in fundamentalist religion, and in the Catholic Church.

The genius of Jesus was to cut loose from this, and proclaim a God of love, parent of every human being without exception, in whom we live and move and have our being. All law, all teaching was in service of his command based on the Jewish prayer “Hear O Israel, The LORD our God, the LORD is one. Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength.” Jesus added the words, “and with all your mind. And you must love your neighbour as yourself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets”. (The Jews called their Hebrew Bible, “Law, Prophets and Writings” .) For Jesus, all that matters in the Holy Writings is how they help or do not help spread awareness of and unity with this God of love. He did not hesitate to disagree with their Bible. In one gospel, nine times in succession, Jesus does not hesitate to say, “It was said by them of old time…. but I on the other hand say to you..”

The teachings of Jesus were not immediately written down, and we are dependent on a later generation to do this. One of the ways Jesus ensured his message was not forgotten was through striking actions, such as his miracles, and the memorable stories or parables that he told. When he said, “You must love your neighbour as yourself” someone asked him how he would define the word, “Neighbour”. “Who is my neighbour?”

Jesus answered by telling the story of a man walking along a lonely road was set upon by robbers who took everything he had, beat him up, and left him lying helpless on the ground. After a while a holy priest from the Temple came along the road, a man who obeyed all the rules of the Bible, but he gave the wounded man a wide berth and passed by on the other side of the road. Then another holy and Jewish man passed by, and did the same thing. After a while a foreigner came down the road with his horse. He was a Samaritan, not a Jew, and he had the wrong beliefs, according to the Jews. The Samaritan dismounted, bound up the man’s wounds, put him on his own horse, took him to an inn, and arranged for the man’s care. - Which of these people acted like a neighbour?, asked Jesus. In this memorable story he appeals to our better nature. Implied in this teaching, is that race and belief systems don’t count. Love can have no boundaries, for God is love. [Much more effective teaching, than exhorting simply to love foreigners.]

A second crucial parable is what in English is called, The Prodigal Son. Surely we all know the story Jesus told of the son of a wealthy father, asks to have his share of what he might eventually inherit from his father, now. He gets it, goes off to a distant country and squanders the lot in, shall we say, wine, women and song. Reduced to beggary and starving, he longs for the comfort of home. Starvation forces him homewards, fearing a hostile reception. As he nears home he surprised to see his father running down the road towards him, and with open arms.

This is how Jesus teaches about God’s mercy. Salvation consists in coming home to the love of God, ever merciful. So often, so far as God is concerned we are “in a distant country”, in sin. What is simply needed is to come home. This story probably encapsulates Jesus’ “soteriology”, his thought about how we might be saved. Repent, and come home. Away from home, we suffer the consequences of our absence, spiritual starvation, lack of love and so on. All we need to do, is to come home.

Later talk of our being saved by the death of Jesus on the cross, of God’s “Justice” requiring punishment for our sins, and Jesus taking this punishment on the cross, and thus saving us from God’s wrath, which has featured in Christian thinking the past 2000 years, that talk seems to stem from the very passages in the Old Testament that Jesus was rebelling against. The old idea was that God was the source of the medley of rules in the books of the Law, and that “Justice” requires punishment when these laws are broken.

Jesus’ God was one of love. Pain was felt when one departed from that love. Salvation was when we returned. He used strong language about this” Matthew 5:22 “You have heard that the ancients were told, ‘You shall not commit murder ’ and ‘Whoever commits murder shall be liable to the court.’ “But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court; and whoever says to his brother, ‘You good-for-nothing,’ shall be guilty before the supreme court; and whoever says, ‘You fool,’ shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell.” They are very strong words and would have shocked his hearers so much, that they remembered ever afterwards.

We should not be silly enough to ask, What supreme court? Which fiery hell? We remember how Jesus said, If your hand causes you to do something wrong, cut it off! Surely he is using exaggerated language to make a point, to make sure he is remembered. He is talking about the supreme importance of remaining at home with the God of love, and of working towards friendly, loving, and cooperative relationships, where there is mutual respect. All that is miserable and painful comes when such relationships’ break down. The merciful God of love is not punishing us, but rather we have “gone off to a far country” and need to come home.

It is a truly vile teaching that would separate us from the loving and merciful God with this talk of angry punishment from a righteous and just God. The consequences of non-love can indeed be horrendous. The cure is to come home. The cure is always to come home. After a long and terrible war, there is nothing left to do but to stop fighting, somehow to rebuild our lives and relationships. After the last world war, forgiveness had eventually to happen. Germany had to be rebuilt and good relationships restored. After the immense harm that the US did to Vietnam, with millions of lives destroyed, the environment poisoned, and the war lost, Vietnam has recovered quite well and is now a friend. . We need to come home.

“How many times should we forgive, seven times?” Jesus was asked. “You must forgive seventy times seven, he answered.”  Always.  Now many people are hurt indescribably badly. The people inflicting the pain are quite inexcusable in what they have done. Forgive them? Really? Why? Because Jesus said so? No, because unless we forgive the hurt we have suffered, we continue to suffer what the hurt evoked, fear, rage, simmering resentment.  We are no longer happy, our days are filled with negative emotion. The greater the hurt, the harder to forgive, the more we are tempted into a “far country” suffering further hurt, and lack of love.  Forgiveness is just self-preservation.  It is not so much for the person occasioning the hurt, but the person who suffers it, for whom forgiveness is especially important. Coming from the “far country” can sometimes seem insuperably difficult.

God is love:  therefore God is merciful. Coming to God is sometimes very hard. But there is no other way.

The Pope has declared this coming year to be a year of remembering the mercy of God.  Long live the Pope!


The reader can no doubt perceive that the writer is accustomed to preaching. Nothing wrong in that. But what is so helpful about the Pope’s actions, is that he is promoting a view of things which can make sense to people of any culture, any race. The word Catholic means “universal”,  and nothing less than such a theology can bring people together.  The Dalai Lama has expressed similar sentiments. And the research and thinking lying behind many books published by White Crow, and similar publishers give us glimpses of dimensions of living and participating in the universal spirit in whom we live, and move, and have our being.

Michael Cocks edits the journal, The Ground of Faith.
Afterlife Teaching From Stephen the Martyr by Michael Cocks is published by White Crow Books and available from Amazon and other bookstores.
His latest book, Into the Wider Dream: Synchronicity in the Witness Box is published by White Crow Books.

Read comments or post one of your own
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Spirits and Crime by Carl Wickland – Habits, desires and inclinations are rooted in the mind and remain with the individual after he is freed from his physical body, until they are eliminated by the will. The spirits of many criminals, murderers, those who were executed or are seeking for revenge, remain indefinitely in the earth sphere and often endeavor to continue their former activities and to carry out their evil designs through controlling the bodies of mortals who are sensitive to their influence. Read here
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